In 1804 when Captain Nicolas Baudin’s expedition returned to France, it had sailed across the oceans to the other end of the world for 3 years and 5 months. Within 22 scientists on board when they left the coasts of France, the Baudin expedition was ambitious and full of promises and brought back a colossal treasure : 25 000 different species with nearly 2,500 different unknown species. It was more than any other expeditions at the time. It was a new scientific encyclopedia.
Our goal is to follow the footstep of these pioneers of science and to build a new Oceanographic Encyclopedia as they did, with the help of our scientific team and new technologies : the first encyclopedia of the deep ocean.
Unknown to most people, a seventh living continent lies below the surface of the oceans. It is called the « mesopelagic continent ». It is a liquid continent attached to no lands nor ocean floors, composed of unique living organisms. It hugeness defies the imagination. The mesopelagic continent extends over the entire planet down into all oceans, between 200 meters and 1,000 meters deep. It counts about 1 million unknown species, more than all recorded animal species on earth, including insects. Their mass is calculated in trillions of tons.
The mesopelagic continent is the most powerful lung of the planet. This colossal mass of living creatures migrates vertically every day. It comes to breathe and feed near the surface at night, and then sinks to a depth of 1000 meters at night, dragging a huge mass of CO2 to the depths of the oceans. The mesopelagic fauna is the most powerful carbon pump in the world. 50% of the oxygen we breathe comes from the oceans. And yet, this ecosystem and its functioning remains unknown to science, as do 72% of the oceans.
Mapping of the entire mesopelagic continent.
Identification and classification of the new species.
Understanding and measuring the functioning of the carbon cycle.
Bioluminescence functions (70% of bioluminescence in the mesopelagic fauna).
Link between bioluminescent fauna and the carbon cycle.
At sea every move counts. And pollutes. This is why the Institut Nicolas Baudin created The CleanOcean Method.
According to the November 2016 report of the EC Delft, commissioned by the European Commission’s Directorate General Climate Action, maritime transport will increase by 50% to 250% by 2050. It could thus represent up to 15% of the world’s carbon emissions for a temperature increase of only 2°C. The development of cruises is also increasing sharply, as is its impact. The CleanOcean Method is a research programme which measure the actual performances of propulsion and energy production at sea, from renewable energy sources like wind, sun and hydrogen gas. It includes tests of clean technologies and methodology applicable to maritime transports, cruising and yachting.
Through the entire period of our worldwide expeditions, our energetic performances will be monitored :
- In all sea and wind conditions.
- Sail and hydrogen propulsion performances.
- Real fuel consumption savings.
- Life Cycle Assessments of the Scientist’s use in accordance with ISO 14044 methodologies to improve an applicable process to all expeditions.
It is planned to :
- Measurement of the environmental impact of each person on board, using connected technologies, in order to quantify the impacts associated with behaviors: energy use, water consumption, grey and black water discharges, food waste, etc. and then reduce them and thus change individual behaviors in order to reduce the overall balance.
- Reduction of impact sources and sustainable catering: purchase of products (including bunkering) with minimal environmental impacts (implementation of a green procurement process for all purchases), available locally where possible and relevant, development of recipes created accordingly; use of ship care and maintenance products with minimal impacts on the marine environment.
- Waste management: liquid and solid waste, and possible emissions to the air, will be treated: mini-treatment plant for grey and black water on board; treatment of solid and liquid waste on land after landing, optimized according to the facilities available locally.
Build a standardized assessment method, as well as cleantech technologies, applicable to maritime freight, cruises and yachting. The method is to be presented to European Commission’s Directorate General Climate Action and to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
16% of the world’s population lives by the sea which is around 1.2 billion people. 500 million of them are directly threatened by rising water levels. Climate change, droughts and wars are also the cause of massive population displacement and lifestyle changes. Within two to three generations, the cultural heritage (called intangible heritage) of these populations coud have disappeared or evolved beyond retour.
This is why the anthropological research department of our institute has decided to list and index each and every endemic gesture of their artists, dancers, craftsmen or medicine men. The objective is to preserve these gestures, and to restore them as part of the apprenticeship of new disciples. The capture and the restoration of these gestures is performed using the most cutting-edge connected clothing and connected skin technologies as well as motion capture. We call this library of knowledges the Digital Conservatoire of Intangible Heritage.
Create a Conservatoire freely accessible to the populations concerned, to researchers, to the general public, using connected technologies and 3D VRs.
The Oceanic Encyclopedia is a cycle of five two-year expeditions carried out thanks to the Scientist project. This cycle begins in 2022. From March 2019 to 2021 a series of expeditions on ships of other institutes and private vessels precedes the Oceanic Encyclopedia, launching the Scientist project on robotics and connected technologies.
Each expedition of the cycle covers a large geographical area. Here they are:
- MEDITERRANEAN SEA / AFRICA